What Causes Gum Disease or Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a kind of gum or periodontal disease. It leads to swelling and redness in the gums and also causes a certain amount of irritation. A person who suffers from the initial stages of gingivitis might not even know that he/she is suffering from it as the symptoms are very mild. If left untreated, it can lead to various other problems that can be severe in nature.

The Causes of Gum Disease

Thus, it is important to be aware of all the early symptoms and seek timely medical attention. In most cases, gingivitis is a result of poor oral hygiene, particularily not flossing, as flossing helps stimulate the gums and cleans between the teeth. However, there are other causes of gingivitis such as:

  • Smoking - Smoking is a definite health risk but it has also been proven to cause gum disease. In addition to this, it can also reduce the effectiveness of the dental treatment you receive.
  • Hormonal changes - Certain hormonal changes in girls and women might make the gums extra sensitive which eventually causes gum disease.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnancy gingivitis occurs because of the hormonal imbalance at the time of pregnancy.
  • Diabetes - People who suffer from diabetes are at a much higher risk of developing gingivitis.
  • Illness - Diseases such as cancer/aids and the treatments that are used for them can have an adverse impact on gums and also causes gum disease.
  • Medication - There are numerous OTC medications that affect the flow of saliva which provides protection to the gums and teeth. This makes the mouth more vulnerable to gum disease. Some medications also lead to abnormal growth of gum tissue and leads to gingivitis.
  • Genetic reasons - Some people are genetically prone to gum disease.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Healthy gums are pale pink in colour and firm. On the other hand, gums that have been affected by gingivitis are red and inflamed. In its early stages, gum disease is rarely painful and you should also look out for symptoms like:

Do not delay in seeing your dentist if you notice any of these symptoms. Ignoring the issue and deferring treatment can lead to receding gums, periodontitis and tooth loss. We will access the severity of your dental problem and create a customized treatment plan for you. Taking the time to see us today to catch things early, saving you from requiring more in depth dental work and procedures.

We strive to improve the dental health of all our patients by offering the highest levels of dental care with the use of the latest technologies. Dr. Mansbridge has years of experience with treating all forms of dental problems including gingivitis. Contact us at (905) 662-6700 or 800 Queenston Road, Suite 18, Stoney Creek and make an appointment today.


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